[ipv6hackers] Looking for feedback on subjective top list of IPv6 security issues

Cameron Byrne cb.list6 at gmail.com
Fri Mar 8 05:31:50 CET 2013


Let me give it a shot, obviously i am rounding out some edges

I believe most of these have ipv4 equivalents

On Thu, Mar 7, 2013 at 7:12 PM, Jim Small <jim.small at cdw.com> wrote:
>
> I'm working on a presentation for practical IPv6 security countermeasures.
> I've reviewed the latest presos from Fernando, Marc, Antonios, and √Čric
> Vyncke to compile a list of security vulnerabilities.  Here's a somewhat
> subjective list of what I feel are "scary" attacks for those new to IPv6:
>
> 1)      Remotely triggered neighbor cache exhaustion attacks (from subnet
> scanning)
>

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unicast_flood

> 2)      RA floods (autoconfig prefixes, routes, etc...) which crash all L2
> adjacent hosts with IPv6 enabled stacks
>

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MAC_flooding

> 3)      RA spoofing
>

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARP_spoofing

> 4)      DHCPv6 spoofing
>

http://trac.secdev.org/scapy/wiki/DhcpTakeover

> 5)      NDP (NS/NA) spoofing
>

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARP_spoofing

> 6)      NS floods - DoS
>

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MAC_flooding

> 7)      Fragmentation attacks
>

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denial-of-service_attack#Teardrop_attacks

> 8)      ICMPv6 redirect spoofing
>

https://supportforums.cisco.com/thread/2176802

> 9)      MLD/MLDv2 attacks - I'm not very clear on dangerous attacks for
> this one...
>
> a.       For general countermeasures it is possible to do MLD ACLs and of
> course you could implement 802.1X and/or 802.1AE.  I know Fernando/Marc
> aren't fans of MLDv2 - what do you think are the most risky aspects?
>
> 10)   "Discoverability" or the idea that you should use randomized
> addressing so as not to be discoverable from a "semi-intelligent" brute
> force scan (assuming you're not in DNS or some other registry)
>

no link needed, you just need a for loop that counts from 0 to 255

> 11)   Extension header attacks - this one is especially tough, probably
> lots more to find...  I especially like Marc's warp packets with the router
> alert "high speed tag" which also double as ACL bypass agents.
>

http://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2007/05/old-ipv4-flaws-resurface-with-ipv6/

ipv4 has lots of crufty stuff in it too

> 12)   Tunnel attacks - I think the only interesting ones would be those
> against 6in4, ISATAP, and 6rd as IMHO those are the only ones that are in
> use.  I have read about tunnel attacks but haven't played with this very
> much.  Do you think this is a serious threat worth covering?  Any
> suggestions on tools?
>

PPTP ?

And, then there always cool things like this
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/csa/cisco-sa-20070124-crafted-ip-option.html

Perhaps IPv4 is not as baked as we think it is?

CB



> For the first 10 except fragmentation there are plenty of effective
> countermeasures that I could discuss.  There are some defenses against
> fragmentation and extension header attacks but these are less mature.  In
> addition, it would be difficult to protect against these at L2.  As much as
> I'd like to believe 12 isn't necessary it still very much is.  We have a
> long way to go both within corporate networks and on backbone networks to
> progress to end-to-end native v6 access.
>
> So what do you think?  Are these the most concerning security issues for
> those looking to deploy IPv6?  Any thoughts greatly appreciated either on or
> off list.
>
> Thanks,
>   --Jim
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> Ipv6hackers mailing list
> Ipv6hackers at lists.si6networks.com
> http://lists.si6networks.com/listinfo/ipv6hackers



More information about the Ipv6hackers mailing list